The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine, below your ribs and behind your belly. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long, roughly the size of a large fist. The kidneys' job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes and control the body's fluid balance and keep the right levels of electrolytes. All of the blood in your body passes through them several times a day.
Blood comes into the kidney, waste gets removed and Salt, water and minerals are adjusted, if needed. The filtered blood goes back into the body. Waste gets turned into urine, which collects in the kidney's pelvis a funnel shaped structure that drains down a tube called the ureter to the bladder. Each kidney has around a million tiny filters called nephrons. You could have only 10% of your kidneys working and you may not notice any symptoms or problems.
If blood stops flowing into a kidney, part or all of it could die. That can lead to kidney failure.
Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate and your blood's chemical makeup may get out of balance.
If you have End-stage renal disease, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. There is no cure for ESRD, but many people live long lives while having dialysis or after having a kidney transplant. There are many options for treating kidney failure.
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